The Cost of High Emissions for Fleet Operators Higher Fuel Costs
Higher Road Taxes
Higher Toll & Parking Charges
Higher charges to enter Low Emission Zones
These are the key economic factors driving operators to upgrade their fleets by purchasing new Euro5/6 vehicles, fitting new engines or approved filter systems.
European Low-Emission Zones (LEZ) As of 2019, around 250 cities and towns in twelve countries across Europe, operate or are preparing to introduce Low- Emission Zones (LEZ s) to help meet EU health-based air quality limit values.
Restrictions are applied mainly to older diesel-engine trucks and buses, but increasingly diesel cars too. This means that vehicles may be banned from a LEZ, or a charge is made to enter the zone when emissions exceed a predefined level.
Example: Greater London - the largest LEZ in the world. Daily charge over 220* for a truck over 3.5 tons gross weight.
London Ultra Low-Emission Zones (ULEZ) Introduced in 2019 all trucks and buses within a separate ULEZ must meet or exceed Euro 6 standard or pay 110*. Enlargement of zones and tougher emission standards are planned for 2021. *Approx. exchange rate June 2020. Source: Transport for London
EUROPEAN EMISSION STANDARDS FOR TRUCKS AND BUSES
This table summarises the emission standards and their implementation dates for new type approvals. A different set of standards apply to passenger cars and light commercial vehicles (pls also refer to p. 17).
Euro 1 1993 CV
Euro 4 2006
Euro 5 2009
Euro 6 2013
67 5 4 3 2 1
Euro 2 1996
Euro 3 2001
-15% vs. 2019 -30%
NOx (g/kWh) Nitrogen Oxides
PM (g/kWh) Particulate Matter